This is the most common cause of dementia. The condition is caused by proteins that build up in the brain, causing structures called 'plaques' and 'tangles'. These disrupt connections between nerve cells, eventually causing them to die. Main symptoms include memory loss, difficulty learning new skills or retaining new information, repetition, confusion, irritability and depression.
Affecting 150,000 people in the UK, it is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain, which occurs because of stroke, or the hardening and narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis). Vascular dementia is most prevalent in smokers or those with high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, obesity or heart problems. Symptoms include confusion, memory loss, slow thought patterns, impaired concentration, hallucinations, mood swings, depression and anxiety.
Alzheimer's Society estimates around 10 per cent of those with dementia have more than one type.
Estimated to affect around 10 per cent of those with dementia, Lewy bodies are lumps of protein that develop inside brain cells. It's believed these proteins interfere with the chemical messengers in the brain that regulate memory, mood and the ability to learn. Symptoms include fluctuating attention, problems with perception, hallucination, difficulty with balance and movement, disrupted sleep and feelings of being persecuted.
Also known as 'Pick's disease', this rare form of dementia occurs when the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain are damaged, due to shrinkage. It is often diagnosed in those aged between 45 and 65, with symptoms including inappropriate behaviour, lack of motivation, sweet food cravings, and difficulty with speech and recognition.
Our experienced, compassionate staff are specially trained in dementia and memory care, and are on hand to provide help and support. We can provide live-in care, with respite, short-term and long-term options, and day-care at home. Contact us to find out more about how we can help to provide appropriate care for your loved one.